Aminoglycosidesss : Agents antibactériens ciblant la membrane bactérienne et vecteurs antiviraux  
Jean-Luc DECOUT,   
New broad-spectrum antibacterial amphiphilic aminoglycosides active against resistant bacteria: From neamine derivatives to smaller neosamine analogues.  
[Full paper ]
L. Zimmermann, I. Das, J. Desire, G. Sautrey, V. Barros R. S., M. El Khoury, M.-P. Mingeot-Leclercq, J.-L. Decout
J. Med. Chem. 2016, 59, 9350-9369
Aminoglycosides (AGs) constitute a major family of potent and broad-spectrum antibiotics disturbing protein synthesis through binding to the A site of 16S rRNA. Decades of widespread clinical use of AGs strongly reduced their clinical efficacy through the selection of resistant bacteria. Recently, conjugation of lipophilic groups to AGs generated a novel class of potent antibacterial amphiphilic aminoglycosides (AAGs) with significant improved activities against various sensitive and resistant bacterial strains. We have identified amphiphilic 3’,6-dialkyl derivatives of the small aminoglycoside neamine as broad spectrum antibacterial agents targeting bacterial membranes. Here, we report on the synthesis and the activity against sensitive and resistant Gram-negative and/or Gram-positive bacteria of new amphiphilic 3’,4’-dialkyl neamine derivatives and of their smaller analogues in the 6-aminoglucosamine (neosamine) series prepared from N-acetylglucosamine.